Optimising Strategies for Integrating People with Disabilities into Work

German EU Presidency 2007

2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities for All

Diversity at work


Glossary of Terms

Productivity Related Financial Supports:
are generally provided to employers to compensate them for the loss of productivity of an employee with a disability.  They are often subject to an eligibility assessment of the employee in tercountries degree of disability and level of productivity.  There is usually an upper limit to the amount of subsidy made available, which is set at the current level of disability pension and/or tax-free allowance.  It differs from jobseekers allowance in that it can be permanent subject to regular review whereas the job seekers allowance tends to be phased out over the first three years of employment and thus should be considered as an incentive rather than a subsidy.

Easily reached, easy to enter or reach physically.

A ble to be got, able to be used, obtained, or relied upon. 

Producing a result, causing a result, especially the desired or intended result.

Job Person Matching/Job Matching Service:
A service designed to match a person with a disability to the most suitable job

Assistance in Accessing Grants:
Getting help from another person or from outside to obtain grants.

Information & Advice:
Provision of information and guidance on educational and vocational options.

Guidance & Counselling:
Addressing clients’ issues through person-centred, one-to-one contacts with qualified professionals. 

Scheme to Work and still Receive Benefits:
Programme allowing a person to work usually on a part-time basis while continuing to receive their disability and/or their ancillary benefits.

Supported Employment Service:
An employment option that facilitates competitive work in integrated work settings for individuals with the most severe disabilities (i.e. psychiatric, mental retardation, significant learning disabilities, traumatic brain injury) for whom competitive employment has not traditionally occurred, and who, because of the nature and severity of their disability, need ongoing support services in order to perform their job.  Supported employment provides assistance such as job coaches, transportation, assistive technology, specialised job training and individually tailored supervision.

Accessible Transport:
Transport that is easy to enter or reach physically.

Availability of Adapted Transport:
Having available specially designed or adapted equipment, products and technologies that assist people to move inside and outside buildings, such as walking devices, special cars and vans, adaptations to vehicles, wheelchairs, scooters and transfer devices. 

Factors in a person’s environment that, through their absence or presence, improve functioning and reduce disability.  These include aspects such as a physical environment that is accessible, the availability of relevant assistive technology, and positive attitudes of people towards disability, as well as services, systecountries and policies that aim to increase the involvement of all people with a health condition in all areas of life. 

Workplace/Environmental Adaptations:
Modifications or changes made to the workplace or environment that helps a person in any aspect of their working life

Assistive Technology:
Adapted or specially designed technology that assists people in daily living. 

Availability of Assistive Technology:
Technology designed to facilitate participation by people with disabilities in training, education or employment. 

Job Coaching:
Assisting the integration of people with disabilities into employment through training in specific work skills in the workplace and providing ongoing support to the employee and the employer. 

Personal Assistant:
A person who provides services as required supporting individuals in their daily activities and maintenance of performance at work, education or other life situation, provided either through public or private funds, or else on a voluntary basis such as providers of support for home-making and maintenance, personal assistance, transport assistance, paid help, nannies and others who function as primary caregivers.

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